3.1 R&D PLANNING DIVISION (RDPD)
Tenth Five Year Plan & Annual Plan 2004-05
The Division formulated the Tenth Five Year Plan (TFYP) and the Annual Plan 2004-05 with the background of 8% growth rate envisaged by the Planning Commission. In TFYP, the R&D activities under the scheme ‘National Laboratories’ are focused under 57 networked projects. These are in three categories namely, Steering Committee identified mission mode programme; CSIR Working Group identified mission mode programmes; and Core Network programmes. Planning Commission, in principle approved 43 network projects in this particular year.
A substantial period has been spent in formulating the proposals and seeking in principle approval from the Planning Commission. The approved Tenth Plan allocation to CSIR is Rs.2430 crore as against a request of Rs.4545 crore. The Annual Plan allocation for 2004-05 under National Laboratories scheme is placed at Rs.650 crore.
In the Tenth Five Year Plan, CSIR has taken the R&D activities in networked fashion. The R&D projects are networked across the organization as well as for building capabilities and facilities that contribute to a vibrant innovation system consciously. Most of the programmes for the TFYP are formulated with the emphasis on networking of resources and capabilities to achieve better output in shorter time frame. CSIR has endeavoured to carve out a niche for itself through these areas. These R&D activities are multidisciplinary, competitive and knowledge driven and have been taken up as they are higher in value chain.
Network programmes on R&D activities are already started showing positive results. Few of them are Exploration and Exploitation of Microbial Wealth of India for novel compounds, Asthmatic and Allergic Disorders Mitigation Mission, Cell & Tissue Engineering, Special Electron Tube Technology, Green technologies for Organic chemicals, Ion sensitive Field Effect Transistor, Identification of Genes and Populations, New Building Construction Materials, Custom Tailored Special Materials, Development of Bio-chips for Identification of Foodborne Pathogens and other diseases, and Microbial conversion of Cholesterol, Development of Novel Polymeric Materials.
CSIR Technology Awards 2003
Nomination for the CSIR Technology Awards were invited and processed by the Division for the consideration of the Technology Awards Selection Committee. The criteria for the awards was visible and sustained impact of a high order on the industrial/economic/societal activity. Only four out of the seven Technology Awards could be awarded. These were in: Biological Sciences & Technology to CCMB, Hyderabad – for A novel in vivo assay system for screening and validation of drugs; Prize for Chemical Technology to NCL, Pune – for 1,1,’1”- Tris (4-hydroxy-phenyl) ethane (THPE); Prize for Engineering Technology to CMERI, Durgapur – for 35 HP Tractor; and Shield for Engineering Technology to NAL, Bangalore – for Integrated flight mechanics and control technology for aerospace vehicles.
The Division represented CSIR on various committees of the Govt. of India, namely Ministries of Chemical and Petrochemicals, Petroleum & Natural Gas, Environment & Forest, Health & Family etc. and Department of Biotechnology, Indian System of Medicines, Science & Technology, Scientific and Industrial Research etc.
Programme on "Discovery, Development & Commercialisation of New Bioactives and Traditional Preparations"
The massive CSIR coordinated networked programme on discovery of Bioactive molecules and traditional preparations involving 20 CSIR labs, 14 University/ Departments, few hospitals and three systems medicine i.e. Ayurveda, Siddha & Unani completed the first phase in March 2003. The progress of the programme was reviewed by the High Powered Committee constituted by DG-CSIR with the members of Governing Body, Advisory Board and Secretaries of the concerned departments.
The Committee appreciated progress made in a short period of three years in terms of obtaining 52 leads for diversified diseases of national and international relevance. It also recommended the continuation of the programme as leads are at different developmental stages so that the objective of the programme for new INDs/ new herbal formulations be achieved. Accordingly an EFC document was prepared. This was extensively discussed in the Apex Committee meeting before submitting to the Planning Commission for in- principle approval for an amount of Rs. 39.60 crore during 2004-07. The proposal accorded in-principle approval by Planning Commission.
The programme advanced forward in terms of achievements in plant collection, extraction, bioevaluation, creation of facilities and mechanism studies. Sixty leads have been obtained, out of which eight are at single molecule stage, twenty two are at formulation stage and thirty at fraction stage. Some are at advanced stage of development for diseases like cancer and ulcer. Two entirely new anti-cancer preparations in the area of women's cancer are being developed further with an Indian firm. Also short term toxicity of two entirely new anti-ulcer: preparations have been completed and clinical trials protocols have been worked out.
The programme has resulted in discovery of few new chemical entities as well as new herbal preparations. A few of them have been licensed to Indian firms.
R&D Management Conference 2003
CSIR (RDPD) organized the fifth R&D Management Conference with the theme “Managing Knowledge Markets in a Global Economy: The Indian Context” during Dec. 6-7, 2003 in Delhi. Over the years this platform has gained national recognition. These conferences have been organized as a self sustaining event. About 60 abstracts were received out of which 40 were selected for presentation in the Conference.
There were 8 sessions namely; Knowledge leadership (4 papers), Knowledge Development (6 papers), Knowledge Management (6 papers), Knowledge Products and Intellectual Property (6 papers), knowledge Marketing (5 papers), Knowledge Mapping/ HR and Human Resource management (4 papers), Strategies and Implementation (4 papers) and lastly Panel Discussion on India’s preparedness and role of public and private sector R&D organizations.
About 150 participants attended the conference. The participants comprised of representatives of academia, industry- private as well as public, government S&T departments, research institutions, faculty and students from IIMs and other reputed management schools in the country. The event provided the delegates a platform for cross-fertilization of ideas besides the intermingling of bright minds.
In the Tenth Five Year Plan, the R&D activities of National Laboratories are being pursued through fifty-seven networked projects. The objective of Annual Meet was to leverage enhanced performance from the networked projects, and to identify and address those issues, which could enhance the performance of networked projects. For the first time there has been a paradigm shift in the approach of the Tenth Plan through organizational networking. The aim of organizational networking was to maximize gain by synergising the strength available at various levels of CSIR. In order to facilitate speedy clearance on common matters of networking from CSIR Hqrs., it requires effective co-ordination between the participants and the nodal labs. It was also recommended that a Group be formed by DG, CSIR as an aid to CSIR for and to formulate guidelines governing the implementation of network projects with a view to utilize resource optimally and to provide information to the management to monitor the pace of technical/physical and financial progress. These guidelines covering the entire Resource Management would help CSIR for better management in planning, monitoring and reviewing of the programmes, projects and the activity of the laboratories.
RDPD and Finance Group of CSIR Hqrs., jointly organized a two-day meet of Chairmen and Coordinators of Networked Projects and Planning & Finance officials at IICT, Hyderabad on 23-24th January 2004.
27 Chairmen of the networked projects along with their respective coordinators attended the meeting. Besides, Head of Planning Group and FAOs from different laboratories also participated. Altogether around 150 delegates participated in the Meet.
Rural Development Programme
An Advisory and Monitoring Committee was constituted by DG-CSIR with the objectives, to advise on policy guidelines, to identify the key result projects, to recommend linkages & leveraging and to monitor the performance and progress of CSIR’s Rural Development Programme & Activities.
A Rural Action Plan was brought out by the committee to provide a new orientation of CSIR on Rural Development Programme towards some identified areas. Key activities of this plan are; special allocations to CSIR laboratories launch of a quarterly publication entitled `Journal of Rural Technology’ which is available to NGOs/Voluntary Organizations etc. at subsidized rates; and in future setting up galleries at few centers depicting success stories of CSIR in the area of rural development. During the year 5 project proposals have been approved for development and dissemination of technologies relevant to rural areas and weaker sections of the society.
The Division has also brought out the current version of the publication `Technologies for the Rural Sector ‘. Information Technology has given a special place. Now the users can have a wider choice to adopt appropriate rural technologies for societal benefits
Technology Mission on Oilseeds, Pulses & Maize (TMOP&M)
The Division is designated as the nodal agency for Mini Mission-II related to R&D on Post Harvest and Processing Technologies on Oilseeds, Pulses and Maize. The Division facilitated establishment of following demonstration commercial units based upon technology packages from CSIR national laboratories:
- Two Palm Oil Mills of 2.5 T FFB/hr expandable to 5.0 T FFB/hr capacities based upon technology package developed by Regional Research Laboratory – Thiruvananthapuram (RRL-T) in Goa and Tamilnadu.
- Three Red Palmolein and Zero Transfatty-acid Esterified Fat manufacturing units based upon technology package from Regional Research Laboratory – Thiruvananthapuram (RRL-T) in Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu and Uttar Pradesh.
- Five Rice Bran Oil Refining Units of 50 TPD capacity based upon Simultaneous Degumming and Dewaxing technology package developed by Regional Research Laboratory – Thiruvananthapuram (RRL-T) in Punjab, Haryana, Rajasthan and Andhra Pradesh.
- Ten Rice Bran Oil Refining Units of 50 TPD capacity based upon Enzymatic Degumming technology package developed by Indian Institute of Chemical Technology (IICT) in A.P., Karnataka, Punjab, Chattisgarh, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu and West Bengal.
- One hundered units of Modern Oil Expeller of 1 TPD capacity for production of pungent mustard oil based upon technology package of Mechanical Engineering Research & Development Organisation (MERADO) in Assam, Manipur, Punjab, Haryana, U.P., M.P.
- Two versatile Dhal Milling units based upon technology developed by Central Food Technological Research Institute – Mysore (CFTRI) in U.P. and Kerala
- Two units of Goat Separator based upon technology developed by Central Food Technological Research Institute – Mysore (CFTRI) in Karnataka and Tamil Nadu.
The Division facilitated extra budgetary resources to the tune of Rs. 450 lakh for the R&D programmes undertaken in CSIR national laboratories and other academic institutions. In addition, the Division organised review of the R&D programmes by Expert Committee comprising detailed presentations and discussions with PIs.